North Korea, nation in East Asia. It involves the northern bit of the Korean promontory, which sticks away from the Asian territory between the East (Sea of Japan) and the Yellow Sea; North Korea covers around 55 percent of the landmass’ property region. The nation is circumscribed by China and Russia toward the north and by the Republic of Korea (South Korea) toward the south. The public capital, Pyongyang, is a significant mechanical and transport focus close to the west coast.
Korean design. Kyongbok Palace. Seoul. Kyonghoeru (Gyeonghoeru or Happy Meetings Hall) in Kyongbok Palace (Gyeongbokgung Palace) behind Throne Hall. A feast lobby on an island in a lotus lake Seoul, South Korea.
Fact or Fiction?
Did the 38th Parallel initially partition North Korea and South Korea? Is the capital of South Korea Pyongyang? Check whether your insight focuses north or south while traveling through Korea.
North Korea faces South Korea across a neutral ground (DMZ) 2.5 miles (4 km) wide that was set up by the provisions of the 1953 cease-fire that finished battling in the Korean War (1950–53). The DMZ, which runs for around 150 miles (240 km), establishes the 1953 military truce line and generally follows scope 38° N (the 38th equal) from the mouth of the Han River on the west shore of the Korean promontory to somewhat south of the North Korean town of Kosŏng on the east coast.
Mountains and valleys portray the vast majority of North Korea. The Kaema Highlands in the upper east have a normal height of 3,300 feet (1,000 meters) above ocean level and structure the geological top of the whole Korean promontory. Mount Paektu (9,022 feet [2,750 metres]), the most elevated mountain in North Korea and on the promontory, ascends at the northern edge of this level in the Changbaek (Changbai) Mountains along the Sino-Korean fringe; it is a terminated fountain of liquid magma beat by an enormous hole lake. The Nangnim Mountains run from north to south through the center of the nation, framing a split between the eastern and western slants of the promontory. The Kangnam and Myohyang ranges and Mounts Ŏnjin and Myŏrak, all underlying expansions of the Nangnim Mountains, stretch out corresponding to one another toward the southwest. Huge waterway valley fields have created between the western mountains; they converge along the thin, sporadic waterfront plain on the west coast. The Hamgyŏng Mountains, reaching out from the Nangnim Mountains toward the upper east, structure a precarious slant between the Kaema Highlands and the East Sea. The T’aebaek Mountains stretch out from southeastern North Korea into South Korea along the eastern coast; one pinnacle, Mount Kŭmgang (5,374 feet [1,638 metres]), is eminent for its grand excellence.
Pit lake at the highest point of Mount Paektu, northern Yangban region, North Korea.
HI roji Kubota/Magnum Photos
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Seepage and soils
The longest stream of North Korea is the Yalu, in Korean called the Amnok. It ascends on the southern slant of Mount Paektu and streams southwestward for nearly 500 miles (800 km) to its mouth on Korea Bay. The Tumen (Tumen) River likewise starts at Mount Paektu however runs northeastward for around 325 miles (520 km) toward the East Sea. There are no enormous streams along the east coast aside from the Tumen River, and all the critical waterways, for example, the Yalu, Ch’ŏngch’ŏn, Taedong, Chaeryŏng, and Yeong, channel to the Yellow Sea. The generally huge valley fields of the western streams are major farming areas.
Allen R Francis
More than three-fifths of the dirts are privately gotten from the enduring of granitic rocks or different sorts of schists (glasslike rocks). The dirts are by and large tanish, plentiful in sandy materials, and low in ripeness. All around created rosy earthy colored soils got from limestone are found in North Hwanghae area and the southern piece of South P’yŏngan region. Podzols (debris dark timberland soil) have created in the Kaema Highlands because of the chilly atmosphere and coniferous backwoods cover there. Albeit the vast majority of the dirts are fruitless and need natural substance, the valleys and seaside fields have moderately rich alluvial soils.
North Korea has a by and large cool mainland atmosphere. The colder time of year season, from December to March, is long and cold; mean temperatures in January range between around 20 °F (−7 °C) in the south and −10 °F (−23 °C) in the northern inside. The mid year, from June to September, is warm, with mean July temperatures over the upper 60s F (around 20 °C) in many spots. In like manner, the yearly scope of temperatures is enormous—around 54 °F (30 °C) at P’yŏngyang and around 77 °F (43 °C) at Chunggang (Chunggangjin), where the least temperature in the Korean landmass, −46.5 °F (−43.6 °C), has been recorded. On account of sea flows and the mountain ranges flanking the thin seaside swamps, winter temperatures on the east coast are about 5 to 7 °F (3 to 4 °C) higher than those of the west coast.
The majority of the nation gets around 40 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation every year. The northern inland level, in any case, gets just around 24 inches (610 mm) and the lower ranges of the Taedong River valley 32 inches (810 mm), while the upper Ch’ŏngch’ŏn River region midpoints between around 48 and 52 inches (1,220 and 1,320 mm) yearly. Some three-fifths of the yearly precipitation falls in the four months from June to September; this hefty centralization of precipitation is identified with the damp summer rainstorm from the Pacific Ocean, which likewise creates intermittent hurricanes (typhoons). Just a little bit of the all out precipitation happens in winter, by and large as day off; can be locally hefty, as in the T’aebaek Mountains. There are around 200 ice free days along the coast yet less than 120 in the northern Kaema Highlands.
Plant and creature life
Vegetation on the good countries, particularly around Mount Paektu, comprises of coniferous trees, for example, the Siberian fir, tidy, pine, and Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis). The western swamps were initially covered by calm blended woods in with numerous sorts of plants, however persistent deforestation has left just far off patches of the first woodlands. The greater part of the swamps are presently developed, aside from a portion of the slopes that are covered with little pine forests blended in with oaks, lindens, maples, and birches. Along streams that are liable to flooding or where the ground is excessively stony for development, reeds, sedges, wild mulberry trees, and Italian poplars are found. Basic stream fish incorporate carp and eels.
Due to deforestation, the populaces of deer, mountain impala, goats, tigers, and panthers have incredibly diminished and are limited to the far off woodlands. In the fields, in any case, it is as yet conceivable to see wild pigeons, herons, cranes (which home close to regions of human home), and numerous transitory waterfowl, which land in the rice fields.
The DMZ among North and South Korea has become an accepted nature protect. When farmland and therefore a crushed milestone, the DMZ has lain practically immaculate since the finish of threats in 1953 and has returned to nature to a huge degree, making it one of the most flawless lacking territories in Asia. The zone contains numerous biological systems including woodlands, estuaries, and wetlands frequented by transitory winged creatures. It fills in as an asylum for many winged animal species, among them the jeopardized white-naped and red-delegated cranes, and is home to many fish species and Asiatic mountain bears, lynxes, and different warm blooded creatures.
Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)
Type OF GOVERNMENT
unitary single-party republic with one authoritative house (Supreme People’s Assembly )
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
Preeminent Leader1/Chairman of the State Affairs Commission: Kim Jong-Un
([new] North Korean) won (W)
(2019 est.) 25,727,000
Populace PROJECTION 2030
Complete AREA (SQ MI)
Complete AREA (SQ KM)
Thickness: PERSONS PER SQ MI
Thickness: PERSONS PER SQ KM
Metropolitan RURAL POPULATION
Metropolitan: (2018) 61.9%
Provincial: (2018) 38.1%
Future AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 66.9 years
Female: (2017) 74.8 years
Education: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: not accessible
Female: not accessible
GNI (U.S.$ ‘000,000)
GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
1Per established update of April 2009.
Ethnic gatherings and dialects
The Korean landmass is one of the most ethnically homogeneous areas on the planet. The North Korean populace, which has been to a great extent disconnected since 1945, is as a rule Korean; a small number of Chinese comprise the lone other critical ethnic gathering. All Koreans communicate in the Korean language, whose relationship to different dialects is contested; it could be identified with Japanese or dialects of the Altaic gathering, and it contains numerous Chinese loanwords. The Korean content, referred to in North Korea as Chosŏn muntcha and in South Korea as hangul (Hangul), is made out of phonetic images for the 10 vowels and 14 consonants. In North Korea a methodical exertion has been made to kill Chinese and Western loanwords, just as any remnants of the Japanese forced during the provincial time frame, and Chosŏn muntcha has been utilized solely without Chinese characters in papers and different distributions since 1945.